Lion Dance Lion dance
Der Löwentanz ist ein traditioneller Tanz in der chinesischen Musik, der von meistens zwei Personen unter einem „Löwenkleid“ mit Musik aufgeführt wird. Heute wird der Löwentanz traditionell jedes Jahr zum Neujahrsfest der Chinesen aufgeführt. Two dancers are under an artistic lion dance costume and are accompanied by traditional Chinese instruments. The eyes and mouth of the lion can be moved and. English: A lion dance in Chinatown, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA, (The photograph was originally incorrectly described as a "Dragon Dance".). Chinese Lion Dance Marionette Puppet. Bastel- & Künstlerbedarf, Stoffe!. Artikelzustand:： Neu: Neuer, unbenutzter und unbeschädigter Artikel. According to traditional Chinese beliefs, the Lion Dance chases away evil spirits and ghosts. Dancers dress in lion costumes to signify the creature's courage.
Soaring Phoenix Dragon & Lion Dance Association:: Con Rồng Cháu Tiên – Houston – Mit 5 bewertet, basierend auf 5 Bewertungen „The sweetest most. Chinese Lion Dance Marionette Puppet. Bastel- & Künstlerbedarf, Stoffe!. Artikelzustand:： Neu: Neuer, unbenutzter und unbeschädigter Artikel. Lion Dance. lion rasen. As in every traditional Kung Fu school the Chinese lion dance is performed in China at all bigger festivities like weddings.
It's customary to participate in the lion dance, actually, by feeding it a small donation in a red envelope called hong bao.
Wait until it bats its giant eyelashes at you, then feed the money into its mouth for good luck. Chinese dragon dances are also an ancient tradition, perhaps dating back 2, years to the Han Dynasty.
Dragon dances are also performed around Chinese New Year and on other occasions; however, lion dances tend to be a little more popular perhaps because they require less room and performers.
Dragon dances are typically performed by a troupe of acrobats who lift the dragon above their heads and run with it.
Dragons range from 80 feet long to the record of more than three miles long. The average size is closer to feet, though.
Odd numbers are auspicious , so look for teams of 9, 11, 13, or 15 performers involved at once. The "ultimate" dragon dance is rare and involves nine a very auspicious number choreographed dragons being controlled by an army of performers in a large venue.
Along with the abundant symbolism attached to dragons in Chinese culture , the longer the dragon, the more prosperity and good fortune attracted.
In some styles of dragon dances, you'll see the animal trailing a spherical object representing wisdom.
Lion dances are more prevalent than dragon dances, but larger celebrations will often have both. Besides Chinese New Year celebrations , a guaranteed place to see the performances, you can often observe them at cultural festivals, business openings at the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok , weddings, and generally anytime a crowd needs to be drawn in China.
Because of the skill, dexterity, and stamina required for Chinese lion and dragon dances, the performers are often kung fu students.
Joining a dance troupe is an honor and demands even more time and discipline from martial arts students who already have a regular training regimen.
The more lions and dragons that a martial arts school can produce, the more influential and successful it is considered.
They dance in tempo to the musical melody. Ancient people regarded the lion as a symbol of braveness and strength, which could drive away evil and protect humans and livestock.
Therefore, performing the lion dance at theLantern Festival and other festive occasions became a custom where people could pray for good luck, safety, and happiness.
The performance is divided into Wenshi civilian lion and Wushi martial lion according to the performing styles. Wenshi depicts docile and funny images of a lion.
It scratches or licks itself, or dozes off. In some areas, the person playing the lion wears a mask. Wushi portrays the power of the lion.
Besides the usual jumping, falling and tumbling, performers also show their excellent techniques by climbing up on a high table or by stepping on five wooden stakes.
For instance, the Gaotai High Terrace Lion Dance of Sichuan Provinceis performed on seven high tables, which makes the performance highly difficult.
During the more than 2, years of development, the lion dance has developed into two major genres - the Northern Lion Dance and the Southern Lion Dance.
The emperor ordered the Mongols to perform dances and other entertainment. More than 30 Mongolian warriors held carved wooden animal heads, two big and five small, and wore animal skins, dancing before the emperor.
The emperor was very pleased and named it the Northern Wei Auspicious Lion, and allowed the captives to return home.
Then the lion dance became popular in northern China, and the Northern Lion Dance came into being. The Northern Lion Dance mainly focuses on the performance of a martial lion dance.
The dance of a small lion is performed by one person, and the dance of a big lion is played by two people, with one wielding the lion head while standing, and the other wielding the lion body and tail while stooping down.
Guided by the lion dancers, the lion writhes, falls forward, jumps and bows, as well as some other highly difficult movements, such as walking on wooden or bamboo stakes, jumping over a table, and stepping on a rolling ball.
There are several legends about the Southern Lion Dance in China. It may have been recorded as early as the King Jinheung 's reign in the 6th century during which a tune titled "The Lion's Talent" was composed that could be a reference to a lion dance.
Lion dance as an exorcism ritual began to be performed in the New Year in Korea during the Goryeo dynasty. In this lion dance the lion with a large but comic lion mask and brown costume may be performed together with performers wearing other masks.
The lion masks of Pongsan and Gangnyeong may feature rolling eyes and bells meant to frighten demons when they make a sound as the lion moves.
In the Himalayan and Tibetan area, there is also a lion dance called the snow lion dance. This dance may be found in Tibet and also among Tibetan diaspora communities where it is called Senggeh Garcham ,  Nepal , and parts of Northeastern India — among the Monpa people in Arunachal Pradesh ,  in Sikkim where it is called Singhi Chham ,  and in some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Ladakh.
The Snow Lion is regarded as an emblem of Tibet and the Snow Lion Dance is a popular dance in Tibetan communities and it is performed during festivals such as during the ritual dance cham festival and the New Year.
The snow lion represents the snowy mountain ranges and glaciers of Tibet and is considered highly auspicious, and it may also symbolize a number of characteristics, such as power and strength,  and fearlessness and joy.
The Chinese lion dance is referred to as barongsai in Indonesia, often performed by Chinese Indonesian during Imlek.
Indonesians however, have developed their own style of lion dances. The lion dance Indonesian : barong in Indonesia has different forms that are distinct to the local cultures in Indonesia, and it is not known if these have any relation to the Chinese lion.
In Hindu Balinese culture, the Barong is the king of good spirits and the enemy of the demon queen Rangda. Like the Chinese lion, it requires more dancers than in the Javanese Reog , typically involving two dancers.
The Reog dance of Ponorogo in Java involves a lion figure known as the singa barong. It is held on special occasions such as the Lebaran Eid al-Fitr , City or Regency anniversary, or Independence day carnival.
He is credited with exceptional strength. The warok may also carry an adolescent boy or girl on its head. When holding an adolescent boy or girl on his head, the Reog dancer holds the weight up to total kilograms.
The great mask that spans over 2. It has gained international recognition as the world's largest mask. Around the world there are lion dances that are local to their area and unrelated to the Chinese dance.
For example, various tribes in Africa, such as the Maasai and Samburu people of Kenya, used to perform a lion dance to celebrate a successful lion hunt, considered by these tribes to be a prestigious act and a sign of bravery.
The dancers may also reenact a lion hunt. Some of them make a headdress out of the mane of the slain lion or out of other animals and wear the headdress in the dance.
The Chinese Lion Dance is performed accompanied by the music of beating of tanggu drum in Singapore , datanggu , cymbals , and gongs.
Instruments synchronize to the lion dance movements and actions. Each style plays a unique beat. This has contributed to the evolution of how people can play lion dance music - which eliminates the need to carry around instruments which can be quite large.
The most common style is Sar Ping lion dance beats. This has more than 22 different testings that you can use to show the lion's movement, whereas fut san has only around 7.
The lion dance costumes used in these performances can only be custom made in specialty craft shops in rural parts of Asia and have to be imported at considerable expense for most foreign countries outside Asia.
For groups in Western countries, this is made possible through funds raised through subscriptions and pledges made by members of local cultural and business societies.
For countries like Malaysia with a substantial Chinese population, local expertise may be available in making the "lion" costumes and musical instruments without having to import them from China.
Most modern Southern Lion dance costumes come with a set of matching pants, however some practitioners use black kung fu pants to appear more traditional.
Modern lion dance costumes are made to be very durable and some are waterproof. They practice in their club and some train hard to master the skill as one of the disciplines of the martial art.
In general, it is seen that if a school has a capable troupe with many 'lions', it demonstrates the success of the school. It is also generally practised together with Dragon dance in some area.
The "greens" qing is tied together with a " red envelope " containing money and may also include auspicious fruit like oranges.
The "lion" will dance and approach the "green" and "red envelope" like a curious cat, to "eat the green" and "spit" it out but keep the "red envelope" which is the reward for the lion troupe.
The lion dance is believed to bring good luck and fortune to the business. During the Qing Dynasty , there may be additional hidden meanings in the performances, for example the green vegetables qing eaten by the lion may represent the Qing Manchus.
But the difficulties of the challenge should come with the bigger the rewards of the "red envelope" given.
These events became a public challenge. A large sum of money was rewarded, and the audience expected a good show. Sometimes, if lions from multiple martial arts schools approached the lettuce at the same time, the lions are supposed to fight to decide a winner.
The lions had to fight with stylistic lion moves instead of chaotic street fighting styles. The audience would judge the quality of the martial art schools according to how the lions fought.
Since the schools' reputations were at stake, the fights were usually fierce but civilized. The winner lion would then use creative methods and martial art skills to reach the high-hanging reward.
Some lions may dance on bamboo stilts and some may step on human pyramids formed by fellow students of the school. The performers and the schools would gain praise and respect on top of the large monetary reward when they did well.
The lion dance troupes are sometimes accompanied by various characters such as the Big Head Buddha,. During the ss, in some areas with high population of Chinese and Asian communities especially the Chinatown in many foreign countries abroad China in the world, people who joined lion dance troupes were "gangster-like" and there was a lot of fighting between lion dance troupes and kung fu schools.
Parents were afraid to let their children join lion dance troupes because of the "gangster" association with the members.
During festivals and performances, when lion dance troupes met, there may be fights between groups. Some lifts and acrobatic tricks are designed for the lion to "fight" and knock over other rival lions.
The violence became so extreme that at one point the Hong Kong government banned lion dance completely.
Now, as with many other countries, lion dance troupes must attain a permit from the government in order to perform lion dance. Although there is still a certain degree of competitiveness, troupes are a lot less violent and aggressive.
Nowadays, whenever teams meet each other, they'll shake hands through the mouth of the lion to show sportsmanship.
In a traditional performance, when the dancing lion enters a village or township, it is supposed to pay its respects first at the local temple s , then to the ancestors at the ancestral hall , and finally through the streets to bring happiness to all the people.
Lion dance has spread across the world due to the worldwide presence of the diaspora Chinese communities and immigrant settlers in many countries in the Americas , Europe , Asia , Africa , Australia , Pacific Polynesia , and in particular, in South East Asia where there is a large overseas Chinese presence.
The dance has evolved considerably since the early days when it was performed as a skill part of Chinese martial arts , and has grown into a more artistic art that takes into accounts the lion's expression and the natural movements, as well as the development of a more elaborate acrobatic styles and skills during performances.
This evolution and development has produced the modern form of lion dances, and competitions are held to find the best lion dance performances. International lion dance championships are held in many countries, for example in Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
These can reach 3m for normal heights, but championship poles can go up to 6m. The poles can be added with props or obstacles as well, such as a small wooden bridge that can be easily broken in half, or a pair of wire lines that can be crossed over.
The first jongs built were introduced in for a competition in Malaysia, made out of wood with a small circular rubber platform on top and an iron fitting on the bottom, with a total of 5 poles in the original set called the "May Hua Poles" Or "Plum Blossom Poles", which were 33 inches in height and 8 inches in width.
Later, 16 poles were added in the set, but all 21 poles were The competition is judged based on the skill and liveliness of the "lion" together with the creativity of the stunts and choreographed moves, as well as the difficulty of the acrobatics, and rhythmic and pulsating live instrumental accompaniment that can captivate the spectators and the judges of the competition.
The main judging rubric was developed by the International Dragon and Lion Dance Federation, scored out of 10 total points.
Their rubric is used in many professional competitions including Genting , Malaysia. The champion as of is consecutive winner Kun Seng Keng from Malaysia, winners of 11 out of the 13 Genting competitions.
It too also involves both Northern and Southern Lion dance teams, but dragon dance teams as well. The lion dance is seen as a representative part of Chinese culture in many overseas Chinese communities,  and in some South East Asian countries, there were attempts to ban or discourage the dance in order to suppress the Chinese cultural identity in those countries.
In the s and s, during the era when the Hong Kong 's Chinese classic and martial arts movies are very popular, kung fu movies including Jet Li 's Wong Fei Hung has actually indirectly shows and indicates how lion dance was practiced with the kung fu close co-relation and kung fu during that time.
In those days the lion dance was mostly practised and performed as Wushu or kung fu skills, with the challenge for the 'lion' built of chairs and tables stacked up together for the 'lion' to perform its stunts and accomplish its challenge.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: Reog and Barong mythology. Accompanying the lion dance. China portal. McGill-Queen's University Press.
Chinese Text Project. The History of Chinese Dance. University of Michigan Press. International Journal of Central Asian Studies. Kleinere Schriften: Publikationen aus der Zeit von bisThere are related forms of dances with mask figures that represent mythical creatures such as the Longmathe Qilinthe Xiezhiand the Pixiu. Hidden categories: Articles containing Chinese-language text Articles containing Vietnamese-language text Articles containing Korean-language text Articles containing Japanese-language text Articles containing Indonesian-language text Articles containing Eurojackpot 09.06.17 Chinese-language text Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text All articles with unsourced statements Tipico Quoten Liste with unsourced statements from July Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles containing Standard Tibetan-language text Articles with hAudio microformats Commons category link from Wikidata All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from February Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. The lion dance has been completely absorbed into Japanese tradition. In some areas, the person playing the lion wears a mask. Lion Dance According to traditional Chinese belief, the Beste Spielothek in Gruol finden signifies courage, stability and superiority. Along with the abundant Lion Dance attached to dragons in Chinese culturethe longer the dragon, the more prosperity and good fortune attracted. Soaring Phoenix Dragon & Lion Dance Association:: Con Rồng Cháu Tiên – Houston – Mit 5 bewertet, basierend auf 5 Bewertungen „The sweetest most. Lion Dance. lion rasen. As in every traditional Kung Fu school the Chinese lion dance is performed in China at all bigger festivities like weddings. Yap, J: Art of Lion Dance | Yap, Joey | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Suchen Sie nach lion dance cartoon-Stockbildern in HD und Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der.